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Achieving sustainability in the food production system

David Sneyd is joined by Jo Raven from the FAIRR Initiative to discuss the progress that is already underway to create a more sustainable food production system, including the rise of alternative, plant-based proteins in the food supply chain.
November 2020

With days remaining until Election Day, polls indicate Vice President Joe Biden holds a sizeable lead over President Donald Trump. Though 2016 polls incorrectly pointed to a Clinton win, the margins by which Biden leads are generally outside of the margin of error. On the Senate, Democrats appear to have gained ground or held firm in enough races that they may swing to a majority position. This does not rule out a repeat of 2016’s skewed polling or the possibility that legal battles could swing the outcome, but given the current structure of the race, a Democratic presidency looks likely, coupled with a very slight Democratic edge in the Senate.

U.S. election scenario analysis summary

Scenario Expected policy changes This scenario helps... This scenario hurts...

Democratic sweep

  • Corporate tax increase
  • Pharma pricing
  • Reinstate EPA regulations
  • Managed care
  • Green energy
  • Emerging markets
  • Traditional energy
  • Financials
  • Dollar

Biden presidency with a Republican Senate

  • Pharma pricing
  • Tech regulation
  • Energy policy
  • International developed equities
  • Small caps
  • Traditional energy
  • Pharma

Trump presidency with a Republican Senate (status quo)

  • Deregulation continues
  • Further China tensions
  • Financials
  • Small caps
  • High yield
  • Green energy
  • China-linked corporations
  • Technology

The outlook for stimulus and tax changes

Over the summer, we published a report on the policy and investment implications for different election outcomes. However, given the direction the race is headed, it is important to revisit the implications from the Democratic sweep scenario as that outcome has risen in probability.

Though we initially viewed this outcome as negative for risk assets, the failure of Congress to pass additional fiscal stimulus measures has changed our thinking. Over the longer term, a Democratic sweep will mean higher corporate taxes and higher personal taxes for high earners, but we believe the potential for additional fiscal stimulus and spending will outweigh these negatives and have a short-term positive effect on equities. In addition to stimulus checks and funds for state governments, a Democratic government would likely push for additional spending in areas such as infrastructure as part of a larger-scale bill later in 2021.

Should the Republicans hold the Senate along with a Biden win, our base case is that a Republican Senate has little interest in passing a large spending bill and will greatly limit the size of any stimulus into 2021. After a massive fiscal expansion this year, the U.S. would experience a large-scale fiscal contraction next year.

A Biden presidency would also have some clear negative implications for equities. The first and probably most likely to get enacted is an increase in corporate taxes. Biden has campaigned aggressively and openly on this issue, which plays well with progressives. Though Biden has proposed an increase in the corporate tax rate to 28%, we believe the final number will likely be closer to 25% and phased in over a number of years. Still, in the longer-term this will hurt after-tax earnings for corporations. In tandem with taxing domestic earnings, a Biden administration will probably reform the way foreign earnings are taxed and implement a minimum tax. Should Republicans hold the Senate or President Trump win re-election, we do not expect much change on the tax side other than an extension of the current policy passed by the Trump administration.

On the personal income tax side, the Biden campaign has a number of proposals, all targeting individuals earning $400,000 or more. First, a roll-back of the Trump tax cuts to return the top marginal tax rate to 39.6%. Itemized deductions would also be capped at 28%. Those who qualify for the higher marginal tax would also be exposed to a new 12% Social Security payroll tax. Additionally, capital gains taxes will go up to 39.6% for those making $1,000,000 or more a year. If the election results in a split government, we expect more modest tax changes such as a small increase to the estate tax, while a Republican-controlled Senate and second Trump term may look for ways to cut taxes, such as indexing capital gains taxes to inflation.

Other policy objectives that seem likely to pass through a Democratic government are an expansion in health-insurance subsidies, a large bill to combat climate change, an increase in infrastructure spending and the reduction of prescription drug prices. Passage of such bills would represent an aggressive expansion of the U.S. budget deficit for an administration that will also have to continue the fight against COVID-19 and provide the economy with enough stimulus to avoid a double-dip recession.

Investment implications

As for investment implications of the three possible election outcomes, our general views are as follows. Under a Democratic sweep scenario, we believe equities will respond well in the short term as we would expect a large fiscal package early next year. However, in the longer term, we think that this positive stimulus will be somewhat offset by higher taxes for corporations and individuals, which will be slightly negative for equities. A reduction in trade tensions would be beneficial to international equities. The U.S.–China relationship is likely to remain contentious, though U.S. tactics may become less outwardly hostile.

Should Republicans hold onto the presidency and the Senate, we think the outcome will be neutral to slightly positive for equities. Corporate and individual tax policy will remain accommodative, but it is unlikely that Republican Senators have the desire to pass multiple fiscal packages in the year to come. We expect the U.S. to outperform the world in this scenario and the dollar to strengthen.

Finally, if we have a divided government where Democrats win the presidency but lose the Senate, we think gridlock will ensue and little will get done. Only a small fiscal package would likely pass next year, which we believe would be negative for equities.

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Disclosures

This is not intended to serve as a complete analysis of every material fact regarding any company, industry or security. The opinions expressed here reflect our judgment at this date and are subject to change. Information has been obtained from sources we consider to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the accuracy. This presentation may contain forward-looking statements. “Forward-looking statements,” can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may”, “should”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “outlook”, “project”, “estimate”, “intend”, “continue” or “believe” or the negatives thereof, or variations thereon, or other comparable terminology. Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements, as actual results could differ materially due to various risks and uncertainties. This publication is prepared for general information only. This material does not constitute investment advice and is not intended as an endorsement of any specific investment. It does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and the particular needs of any specific person who may receive this report. Investors should seek advice regarding the appropriateness of investing in any securities or investment strategies discussed or recommended in this report and should understand that statements regarding future prospects may not be realized. Investment involves risk. Market conditions and trends will fluctuate. The value of an investment as well as income associated with investments may rise or fall. Accordingly, investors may receive back less than originally invested.

Foreign investing involves special risks due to factors such as increased volatility, currency fluctuation and political uncertainties. Investing in emerging markets can be riskier than investing in well-established foreign markets.

Past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance. Asset allocation does not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss.

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