Election night clarity was probably too much to hope for. As of the early hours on November 4th, key states including Georgia, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Wisconsin remain too close to call. A few other states also fall into this category but are leaning more clearly in one direction (e.g., North Carolina for Trump and Nevada for Biden). In the four remaining battleground states, the outcome is coming down to which counties within the states have large amounts of uncounted votes – urban or rural – and how far along mail-in ballot counting has progressed. States such as Pennsylvania, for example, have seen mail-in ballots requested by registered Democrats at a 3-to-1 ratio over registered Republicans (source: Associated Press, October 2020).