All investments involve a degree of risk. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. The value of and income from any investment can fall as well as rise, and may be affected by changes in currency rates of exchange or taxation. An investor may not get back the original amount invested. Investments in emerging and underdeveloped markets may involve a higher element of risk due to political and economic instability. If you require information about the suitability of an investment, please contact an independent financial adviser.