When Will Cash Come Off the Sidelines?

June 10 to 14, 2024


When Will Cash Come Off the Sidelines?

June 10 to 14, 2024


Market Recap

  • Equity markets churned out gains this week alongside firm U.S. economic data and rate cuts by the Bank of Canada and ECB.
  • The S&P 500 rose 1.3%, led by technology and health care, although the Roaring Kitty hoopla sapped most of the attention. The index closed the week just off a record high, along with the Nasdaq, and is now up a cool 12.1% on the year.
  • The TSX slipped 1.2% on the week, with energy and materials dragging against gains in consumer stocks, technology and telecom.

Interest Rates

Last week, in a much-anticipated decision, the Bank of Canada (BoC) lowered its key interest rate by 25 basis points—a move that was mirrored a day later by the European Central Bank (ECB). Market participants were on the bubble about the BoC’s decision, but as I mentioned in this space last week, we were confident it would happen. Overall, market reaction was relatively muted. The Canadian dollar (CAD) did drop somewhat before bouncing back. Canadian equity markets were also up, but so were U.S. and International exchanges, so the rise likely is not attributed to the rate cut. We anticipate the market’s reaction to get more pronounced as more rate cuts come through—and we do expect more cuts. The CAD is likely to continue to weaken as rates are lowered and the gap with the U.S. Federal Reserve’s (Fed) policy rate widens. On the other hand, rate cuts should be a positive for the Canadian bond market, especially relative to U.S. bonds. Looking ahead, the BoC highlighted that more rate cuts are likely coming, but also emphasized that, like their American counterparts, they’re still data dependent. That gives them an out if they feel they’re getting too far ahead of the Fed, or if an unexpected data point pops up. The ECB took a similar stance in its statement but was less definitive about future cuts. The reality is that in both Canada and Europe, the inflation picture is very different than it was 12-18 months ago, and rates at that level are simply no longer appropriate.

Bottom Line: The BoC’s first rate cut of this cycle was a positive sign for markets, and we expect more cuts moving forward.


Since the beginning of the year, we’ve believed that certain geopolitical risks were not fully priced into markets, and that they could cause volatility. Recently, we’ve seen that exact scenario play out after major elections in Mexico and India. In Mexico, news of Claudia Sheinbaum’s election as president wasn’t greeted warmly by markets, with the Peso and equities both dropping. In India, prime minister Narendra Modi won re-election, but failed to capture a parliamentary majority as most had predicted. With a minority government, it will be harder and slower for him to pass his policy proposals, and that uncertainty is likely what caused some gyration in the Indian stock market. This doesn’t change our overall view on India, however—we still think the long-term growth fundamentals are strong, and we continue to anticipate increasing our exposure to India within our Emerging Markets allocation. A similar dynamic can be anticipated with the upcoming U.S. presidential election. Whether Biden or Trump wins may influence our allocation to particular sectors or geographies, but we think it’s unlikely to change the overall trajectory of U.S. markets.

Bottom Line: Elections often have a short-term impact on markets, but they rarely warrant a long-term shift in positioning.


Equity markets have continued to rally this year despite a cooling economy, and some analysts have speculated that a “wall of money” from money markets and cash equivalents will pour into passive equity allocations this summer, creating yet another tailwind. We suspect that it could take longer—the summer months tend to be a quieter period for trading, and there is also the U.S. election to consider. It’s true that there is lots of money on the sidelines, but in our view, investors may prefer to let the dust settle before jumping back into the stock market with both feet. They may also need to see multiple rate cuts from the Fed before their confidence is fully restored. When the time is right, conservative investors are likely to shift from cash to bonds or conservative equity portfolios, while those with a higher risk tolerance could seek out more balanced strategies. With Canada having already cut interest rates and a U.S. rate cut likely down the road, money sitting in cash is a virtual lock to come back to markets in some form. It just may be in the fall or winter rather than the summer, with a rate cut from the Fed unlikely until September or October at the earliest and the election set for November.

Bottom Line: Given uncertainty around rate cuts and the U.S. presidential election, we think investors might wait a bit longer before fully returning to equity markets.


For a detailed breakdown of our portfolio positioning, check out the latest BMO GAM House View Report, titled The Fed’s Last Stand: A Solitary Rate Cut Expected for 2024.


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