Before joining BMO GAM, Fred was Chief Macro Strategist for Canada at TD Securities since 2017. Prior to that, he was at Credit Suisse Asset Management in New York where he worked as a Portfolio Manager focused on systematic, global-macro trading strategies. Before moving to capital markets in 2008, Fred was a Principal Researcher at the Bank of Canada, building various short-term macro forecasting models for the Canadian economy and wrote several working papers documenting his empirical research. Fred also worked as a quantitative analyst at Caisse de Dépôt et Placement du Québec where he built and managed systematic macro strategies. Fred holds a B.A. in Economics from Concordia University and M.A. in Economics from the University of Ottawa.